Fairfax County

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Home to more than 1.1 million residents, Fairfax County is the most populous jurisdiction in the DC region. County residents have a wide range of housing needs, and many Fairfax families are feeling the strain of a costly housing market, this is especially true for renters. As of 2019, approximately 44% of renter households in the County were housing cost burdened (paying 30% or more of their income on housing related expenses). The median gross rent in the County has been trending up year after year; rising to $1,900 in 2019, about 7% higher than just 3 years prior. The County has implemented a range of policies over the past several years to address the growing affordability challenges. From housing affordability goals within the County’s Comprehensive Plan, to specific unit production targets, and new initiatives around affordable housing preservation, Fairfax County is positioning itself to meet the housing needs of its large and diverse population.

Falls Church:

Survey data from the City of Falls Church and the City of Fairfax are included in the Fairfax County data totals. The Urban Institute study does not have specific targets for the City of Falls Church or the City of Fairfax but rather a target for Fairfax County that includes these two smaller geographies. This is due to the fact that the City of Falls Church and City of Fairfax are not separated out in the American Community Survey microdata, they are included in microdata areas that also cover other portions of Fairfax County

HIT Targets

Annual Housing Targets by Income
LowestLowLow-MiddleMiddleHighHighest
$0 to $799$800 to $1,299$1,300 to $1,799$1,800 to $2,499$2,500 to $3,499$3,500 and aboveTotal Units
7137408079876933734,413

Jurisdiction Adopted Targets

5,000 units produced over the next 15 years affordable at 60% of AMI or below.

Population

1,147,532 (2019 estimate)

Elected Officials

  1. Jeffrey McKay

    Chairman, Board of Supervisors

  2. Penelope Gross

    Vice Chairman, Board of Supervisors

  3. James R. Walkinshaw

    Supervisor - Braddock District

  4. John Foust

    Supervisor - Dranesville District

  5. Walter L. Alcorn

    Supervisor - Hunter Mill District

  6. Rodney Lusk

    Supervisor - Lee District

  7. Daniel Storck

    Supervisor - Mount Vernon District

  8. Dalia Palchik

    Supervisor - Providence District

  9. Pat Herrity

    Supervisor - Springfield District

  10. Kathy Smith

    Supervisor - Sully District

Equity Officer

  1. Karla Bruce

    Chief Equity Officer

Policy Status

Housing Priority

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Inclusionary Housing

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Housing Trust Fund

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Property tax, Impact fee, Tax or Fee abatements or Exemptions

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Public land

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Housing Outcomes

Display by: Percentage
# of Units

Affordability Context

Median Household Income By Race

Median household income in USD

Arlington County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$104,000$80,500$85,600$100,300$102,200$107,500$93,700
Black$61,900$57,600$65,400$59,500$51,800$56,700$63,300
Hispanic$67,700$62,500$72,500$59,000$91,000$82,200$72,800
White$114,800$120,900$120,700$122,900$124,100$137,300$135,000
Two or more races$122,200$155,900$108,800$102,000$101,900$111,100$120,600
Charles County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$110,200$141,200$141,200$91,400$107,200$100,500$128,400
Black$85,400$75,200$83,000$95,400$95,200$85,300$103,100
Hispanic$76,900$85,600$110,400$91,800$112,900$84,800$64,400
White$89,800$98,200$91,000$98,500$97,300$103,600$103,400
Two or more races$101,000$81,100$72,000$66,700$130,100$61,600$109,200
City of Alexandria2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$97,800$100,200$100,800$100,400$98,900$102,600$108,700
Black$52,000$49,700$50,600$52,400$57,400$70,300$80,600
Hispanic$58,100$59,000$62,200$50,300$52,600$52,200$74,800
White$100,300$103,800$107,300$110,200$117,000$118,000$123,600
Two or more races$105,100$69,500$72,800$75,100$92,200$75,600$62,100
District of Columbia2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$63,200$84,500$93,900$99,400$96,400$116,400$103,200
Black$38,100$40,700$41,500$37,900$42,200$45,200$48,700
Hispanic$50,900$63,100$66,000$64,900$84,700$72,300$99,800
White$111,900$114,700$120,400$125,700$132,700$136,500$149,700
Two or more races$89,400$72,700$96,000$81,800$85,500$95,400$101,300
Fairfax County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$109,800$104,900$106,100$107,600$116,600$127,300$125,000
Black$80,500$81,800$82,900$85,400$81,000$85,700$93,600
Hispanic$71,500$71,900$78,300$82,100$71,800$81,100$76,500
White$119,300$120,900$121,900$128,400$130,100$132,800$141,800
Two or more races$98,000$95,000$96,500$106,300$91,000$94,900$108,300
Frederick County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$86,600$87,000$92,600$98,500$105,900$102,300$104,100
Black$63,500$64,700$66,100$57,300$84,400$92,600$59,700
Hispanic$60,300$83,500$62,400$64,600$75,200$56,800$103,800
White$87,900$85,800$86,700$94,100$92,300$96,500$107,000
Two or more races$84,800$79,000$62,100$77,300$84,100$105,800$100,200
Loudoun County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$126,500$130,900$135,400$169,700$161,200$153,500$191,100
Black$84,100$133,900$103,200$119,800$132,900$118,800$112,200
Hispanic$81,700$69,300$85,400$92,300$81,100$92,100$95,400
White$119,700$123,100$127,700$133,000$135,000$143,100$151,200
Two or more races$116,500$110,300$88,000$121,500$88,900$116,800$150,900
Montgomery County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$101,800$100,100$105,500$101,800$110,200$115,400$121,000
Black$67,800$72,300$63,900$69,300$76,100$80,500$72,600
Hispanic$66,900$67,200$68,100$70,100$75,600$76,800$75,500
White$113,200$109,700$116,900$116,300$120,800$126,300$135,600
Two or more races$85,500$72,500$85,600$85,300$100,300$100,100$93,300
Prince George's County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$75,300$79,500$75,100$80,200$96,600$94,800$100,000
Black$72,800$72,700$77,300$79,100$82,100$84,200$86,100
Hispanic$62,400$58,300$60,500$70,100$65,300$66,600$73,900
White$73,700$76,400$88,000$86,500$91,600$89,200$89,600
Two or more races$76,900$83,300$77,200$92,300$74,300$80,800$88,500
Prince William County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$84,700$81,500$85,600$94,500$102,500$95,900$98,600
Black$84,700$82,300$96,600$92,500$89,000$95,900$102,200
Hispanic$69,700$65,600$63,100$66,600$81,900$82,500$81,500
White$101,000$97,200$105,900$108,300$112,500$118,300$112,700
Two or more races$115,500$67,500$104,100$70,800$107,300$98,200$101,400