District of Columbia

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The District of Columbia has experienced significant growth in recent years. As more people are moving into the City, prices in the housing market are climbing, putting financial strain on many families. As of 2019, about four out of every ten renter household (41%) in DC were housing cost burdened (paying 30% or more of income on housing related expenses). This metric has been trending down over the past several years but is still relatively high. The median gross rent in the City was $1,603 in 2019, which is more than $200 higher than it was just 3 years ago (+16%). As market pressures continue create affordability challenges in the District, affordable housing policies will become an increasingly critical part of the solution. DC has been using a wide range of tools and policies for many years to create more housing options that are affordable all along the price spectrum. From prioritizing affordable housing in the City’s comprehensive plan, and utilizing inclusionary zoning tools, to managing the largest housing trust fund in the region. Expanding these affordable housing initiatives in the District will go a long way in proactively addressing the housing challenges the City will face in the years ahead.

HIT Targets

Annual Housing Targets by Income
LowestLowLow-MiddleMiddleHighHighest
$0 to $799$800 to $1,299$1,300 to $1,799$1,800 to $2,499$2,500 to $3,499$3,500 and aboveTotal Units
5805876739878337274,587

Jurisdiction Adopted Targets

36,000 new homes by 2025, 12,000 of which are affordable below 80% of DC’s median family income (MFI).

Population

705,749 (2019 estimate)

Elected Officials

  1. Muriel Bowser

    Mayor

  2. Phil Mendelson

    Council Chairman

  3. Kenyan McDuffie

    Chair Pro Tempore, Councilmember - Ward 5

  4. Anita Bonds

    Councilmember - At Large

  5. Christina Henderson

    Councilmember - At Large

  6. Elissa Silverman

    Councilmember - At Large

  7. Robert C. White, Jr.

    Councilmember - At Large

  8. Brianne K. Nadeau

    Councilmember - Ward 1

  9. Brooke Pinto

    Councilmember - Ward 2

  10. Mary M. Cheh

    Councilmember - Ward 3

  11. Janeese Lewis George

    Councilmember - Ward 4

  12. Charles Allen

    Councilmember - Ward 6

  13. Vincent C. Gray

    Councilmember - Ward 7

  14. Trayon White, Sr.

    Council Member - Ward 8

Equity Officer

  1. Dr. Amber Hewitt

    Chief Equity Officer

Policy Status

Housing Priority

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Inclusionary Housing

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Housing Trust Fund

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Property tax, Impact fee, Tax or Fee abatements or Exemptions

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Public land

  • Arlington County
  • Charles County
  • City of Alexandria
  • District of Columbia
  • Fairfax County
  • Frederick County
  • Loudoun County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Prince William County

Housing Outcomes

Display by: Percentage
# of Units

Affordability Context

Median Household Income By Race

Median household income in USD

Arlington County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$104,000$80,500$85,600$100,300$102,200$107,500$93,700
Black$61,900$57,600$65,400$59,500$51,800$56,700$63,300
Hispanic$67,700$62,500$72,500$59,000$91,000$82,200$72,800
White$114,800$120,900$120,700$122,900$124,100$137,300$135,000
Two or more races$122,200$155,900$108,800$102,000$101,900$111,100$120,600
Charles County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$110,200$141,200$141,200$91,400$107,200$100,500$128,400
Black$85,400$75,200$83,000$95,400$95,200$85,300$103,100
Hispanic$76,900$85,600$110,400$91,800$112,900$84,800$64,400
White$89,800$98,200$91,000$98,500$97,300$103,600$103,400
Two or more races$101,000$81,100$72,000$66,700$130,100$61,600$109,200
City of Alexandria2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$97,800$100,200$100,800$100,400$98,900$102,600$108,700
Black$52,000$49,700$50,600$52,400$57,400$70,300$80,600
Hispanic$58,100$59,000$62,200$50,300$52,600$52,200$74,800
White$100,300$103,800$107,300$110,200$117,000$118,000$123,600
Two or more races$105,100$69,500$72,800$75,100$92,200$75,600$62,100
District of Columbia2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$63,200$84,500$93,900$99,400$96,400$116,400$103,200
Black$38,100$40,700$41,500$37,900$42,200$45,200$48,700
Hispanic$50,900$63,100$66,000$64,900$84,700$72,300$99,800
White$111,900$114,700$120,400$125,700$132,700$136,500$149,700
Two or more races$89,400$72,700$96,000$81,800$85,500$95,400$101,300
Fairfax County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$109,800$104,900$106,100$107,600$116,600$127,300$125,000
Black$80,500$81,800$82,900$85,400$81,000$85,700$93,600
Hispanic$71,500$71,900$78,300$82,100$71,800$81,100$76,500
White$119,300$120,900$121,900$128,400$130,100$132,800$141,800
Two or more races$98,000$95,000$96,500$106,300$91,000$94,900$108,300
Frederick County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$86,600$87,000$92,600$98,500$105,900$102,300$104,100
Black$63,500$64,700$66,100$57,300$84,400$92,600$59,700
Hispanic$60,300$83,500$62,400$64,600$75,200$56,800$103,800
White$87,900$85,800$86,700$94,100$92,300$96,500$107,000
Two or more races$84,800$79,000$62,100$77,300$84,100$105,800$100,200
Loudoun County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$126,500$130,900$135,400$169,700$161,200$153,500$191,100
Black$84,100$133,900$103,200$119,800$132,900$118,800$112,200
Hispanic$81,700$69,300$85,400$92,300$81,100$92,100$95,400
White$119,700$123,100$127,700$133,000$135,000$143,100$151,200
Two or more races$116,500$110,300$88,000$121,500$88,900$116,800$150,900
Montgomery County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$101,800$100,100$105,500$101,800$110,200$115,400$121,000
Black$67,800$72,300$63,900$69,300$76,100$80,500$72,600
Hispanic$66,900$67,200$68,100$70,100$75,600$76,800$75,500
White$113,200$109,700$116,900$116,300$120,800$126,300$135,600
Two or more races$85,500$72,500$85,600$85,300$100,300$100,100$93,300
Prince George's County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$75,300$79,500$75,100$80,200$96,600$94,800$100,000
Black$72,800$72,700$77,300$79,100$82,100$84,200$86,100
Hispanic$62,400$58,300$60,500$70,100$65,300$66,600$73,900
White$73,700$76,400$88,000$86,500$91,600$89,200$89,600
Two or more races$76,900$83,300$77,200$92,300$74,300$80,800$88,500
Prince William County2013201420152016201720182019
Asian$84,700$81,500$85,600$94,500$102,500$95,900$98,600
Black$84,700$82,300$96,600$92,500$89,000$95,900$102,200
Hispanic$69,700$65,600$63,100$66,600$81,900$82,500$81,500
White$101,000$97,200$105,900$108,300$112,500$118,300$112,700
Two or more races$115,500$67,500$104,100$70,800$107,300$98,200$101,400